Fairy tales are short fantasy stories. The stories usually feature unreal elements such as magic and mythical beings.
Before mass publication, fairy tales were spoken, not written, and passed on from one generation to the next. Then in 1812 The Brothers Grimm published ‘Children’s and Household Tales‘- a collection of their own fairy tale adaptations which had very grotesque and violent themes.
During the Enlightenment period, writers such as Charles Perrault and Madame De Beaumont adapted the tales once again,making them more child-friendly, usually to teach a moral lesson.